Glossary of ALL Terms for Data on EOL

A

Aalenian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Aalenian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
abdomen length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/AbdomenLength
above ground dwelling
http://eol.org/schema/terms/aboveGroundDwelling
An organism that is adapted to terrestrial life above ground but not immediately on the ground. This includes arboreal and volant organisms.
abyssal feature
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000190
Feature on the ocean floor at a depth of 3500 - 6000 meters.
abyssal plain
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000244
A flat or very gently sloping areas of the deep ocean basin floor.
abyssal zone
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000027
The marine abyssal zone biome comprises regions of the marine benthic biome between approximately 2500 m and 6000 m depth. This zone generally coincides with the continental rise and the abyssal plain.
abyssal zone (4000-6000m)
http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/DZ_ABY
abyssalpelagic zone
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000212
The zone of the ocean below the bathypelagic zone, with its lowest boundary at about 6000m.
achondrite
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002050
A stony meteorite that is made of material similar to terrestrial basalts or plutonic rocks.
acicular (needle-like)
http://eol.org/schema/terms/acicular
Slender and pointed, needle-like
acid dune sand
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005798
acid hot spring
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002120
A hot spring whose water has an acidic pH.
acid mine drainage
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00001997
A mine drainage with an acidic pH.
acidic freshwater mining lake
http://eol.org/schema/terms/acidicFreshwaterMiningLake
acidic soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/EO_0007059
activated sludge
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002046
active foraging
http://eol.org/schema/terms/activeForaging
An organism which obtains food primarily by active searching.
active growth period
http://eol.org/schema/terms/ActiveGrowthPeriod
The growing season of a plant. The time of year when a plant has its most active growth.
actual evapotranspiration rate in geographic range
http://eol.org/schema/terms/AETinRange
Monthly AET (Actual Evapotranspiration Rate) within the geographic range of a taxon. Evapotranspiration (ET) is the sum of evaporation and plant transpiration from the Earth's land surface to atmosphere.
https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Evapotranspiration&oldid=575637212
adobe soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002870
adolescent
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001189
A maturity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being between the onset of puberty and maturity.
[database_cross_reference: WordNet:WordNet]
adult
http://www.ebi.ac.uk/efo/EFO_0001272
A maturity quality inhering in an individual by virtue of the individual having attained sexual maturity and full growth
Adult Yearly Survival
http://eol.org/schema/terms/AdultYearlySurvival
aerial
http://eol.org/schema/terms/aerial
organisms adapted to spending a considerable part of their life in the air, away from the ground, vegetation or water.
aerial habitat
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000568
A habitat that is solely in the air.
aerial locomotion behavior
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/NBO_0000366
Behavior related to the movement of an organism from one location to another through the air.
Aeronian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Aeronian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
aerosol
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00010505
Airborne solid particles (also called dust or particulate matter (PM)) or liquid droplets.
after harvest regrowth rate
http://eol.org/schema/terms/AfterHarvestRegrowthRate
Indicates the relative rate of regrowth of a herbaceous plant after a harvest of above ground herbage.
USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
age at eye opening
http://eol.org/schema/terms/AgeAtEyeOpening
Age at which both eyes are fully open after birth.
Kate E. Jones, Jon Bielby, Marcel Cardillo, Susanne A. Fritz, Justin O'Dell, C. David L. Orme, Kamran Safi, Wes Sechrest, Elizabeth H. Boakes, Chris Carbone, Christina Connolly, Michael J. Cutts, Janine K. Foster, Richard Grenyer, Michael Habib, Christopher A. Plaster, Samantha A. Price, Elizabeth A. Rigby, Janna Rist, Amber Teacher, Olaf R. P. Bininda-Emonds, John L. Gittleman, Georgina M. Mace, and Andy Purvis. 2009. PanTHERIA: a species-level database of life history, ecology, and geography of extant and recently extinct mammals. Ecology 90:2648. http://esapubs.org/archive/ecol/E090/184/
age at first birth
http://eol.org/schema/terms/AgeAtFirstBirth
Age at which females give birth to their first litter, or their young attach to teats or hatch out
age at first reproduction
http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/MAT
age at maturity
http://eol.org/schema/terms/AgeAtMaturity
Age at the first successful reproduction.
age at maturity of resprouts
http://eol.org/schema/terms/AgeAtMaturityResprouts
Age of resprouts at first successful reproduction (in years), i.e., when most of the resprouting plants produce the first seed crop.
BROT trait database. Traits: units and categories (MatResp), http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
agricultural
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000077
agricultural environmental material
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_0010003
{definition missing}
agricultural soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002259
agricultural terrace
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000519
agricultural waste
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002265
Wastewater produced in the course of agricultural activities
agricultural waste
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000371
waste produced as a result of various agricultural operations. It includes manure and other wastes from farms, poultry houses and slaughterhouses; harvest waste; fertilizer run- off from fields; pesticides that enter into water, air or soils; and salt and silt drained from fields
agricultural wastewater treatment plant
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_2000003
A wastewater treatment plant that treats agriculatural wastewater. Agricultural wastewater treatment relates to the treatment of wastewaters produced in the course of agricultural activities. Agriculture is a highly intensified industry in many parts of the world, producing a range of wastewaters requiring a variety of treatment technologies and management practices.
air conditioning unit
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002874
air filter
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003968
air temperature
http://eol.org/schema/terms/AirTemperature
http://web.uconn.edu/poultry/NE-127/NewFiles/air%20temp.html
alas
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000438
A steep-sided depression formed by the melting of permafrost; it may contain a lake.
albeluvisol
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002233
Albeluvisols are soils that have, beginning within 1 m of the soil surface, a clay illuviation horizon with an irregular or broken upper boundary resulting in tonguing of bleached soil material into the illuviation horizon.
Albian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Albian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
algal bloom
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_2000004
A feature that arises from a rapid increase or accumulation in the population of algae (typically microscopic) in an aquatic system.
alisol
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002231
Alisols are soils that have a higher clay content in the subsoil than in the topsoil as a result of pedogenetic processes (especially clay migration) leading to an argic subsoil horizon. Alisols have a low base saturation at certain depths and high-activity clays throughout the argic horizon. They lack the albeluvic tonguing as in Albeluvisols. They occur predominantly in humid tropical, humid subtropical and warm temperate regions.
alkaline flat
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000196
A dry lakebead consisting of fine-grained sediments infused with alkali salts. Generally the shore or bed of an endorheic lake.
alkaline habitat
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002022
A biome in which the pH is >pH9. Inhabited by alkaliphilic organisms.
alkaline hot spring
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002119
A hot spring whose water has an alkaline pH.
alkaline salt lake
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002121
allolectotype
http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Allolectotype
A paralectotype specimen that is the opposite sex of the lectotype. The term is not regulated by the ICZN. [Zoo.]
alloneotype
http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Alloneotype
A paraneotype specimen that is the opposite sex of the neotype. The term is not regulated by the ICZN. [Zoo.]
allotment garden
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005745
allotment garden soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005744
allotype
http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Allotype
A paratype specimen designated from the type series by the original author that is the opposite sex of the holotype. The term is not regulated by the ICZN. [Zoo.]
alluvial fan
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000314
A fan-shaped deposit formed where a fast flowing stream flattens, slows, and spreads typically at the exit of a canyon onto a flatter plain.
alluvial paddy field soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005759
alluvial plain
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000258
A relatively flat and gently sloping landform found at the base of a range of hills or mountains, formed by the deposition of alluvial soil over a long period of time by one or more streams coming from the mountains.
alluvial soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002871
alluvial swamp soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005758
along-front current
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000100
A marine surface current that flows along an oceanic front.
alpine glacier
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000085
A glacier found in mountain terrain.
alpine soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005741
altitude
http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_000438
Altitude is a distance above sea level.
ambush predator
http://eol.org/schema/terms/ambush
organisms that capture or trap prey by stealth or by strategy (typically not conscious strategy), rather than by speed or by strength.
amenity lake
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000451
A lake constructed, or modified, for the chief purpose of providing an amenity.
amniotic fluid
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000021
Amniotic fluid is a bodily fluid consisting of watery liquid surrounding and cushioning a growing fetus within the amnion. It allows the fetus to move freely without the walls of the uterus being too tight against its body. Buoyancy is also provided.
amphibious
http://eol.org/schema/terms/amphibious
organism that is adapted to both life on land and in the water.
anabranch
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000152
A section of a river or stream that diverts from the main course and rejoins later.
anaerobic mud
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002133
anaerobic sediment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002045
Sediment characterised by the absence of oxygen.
anaerobic soil tolerance
http://eol.org/schema/terms/AnaerobicSoilTolerance
The relative tolerance of the plant to anaerobic soil conditions.
USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
anaerobic stream sediment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002134
andosol
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002232
Andosols are soils that develop in volcanic ejecta or glasses under almost any climate (except under hyperarid climate conditions). However, Andosols may also develop in other silicate-rich materials under acid weathering in humid and perhumid climates.
anemochory
http://eol.org/schema/terms/anemochory
Seed dispersal by wind (with wind dispersal adaptations, such as pappus or wings).
http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
animal feed
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000047
Animal feed is a biotic mesoscopic physical object consisting of any foodstuff that is used specifically to feed domesticated livestock, such as cattle, goats, sheep, horses, chickens and pigs. Most animal feed is from plants but some is of animal origin. Fodder refers particularly to food given to the animals (including plants cut and carried to them), rather than that which they forage for themselves. It includes hay, straw, silage, compressed and pelleted feeds, oils and mixed rations, and also sprouted grains and legumes.
animal habitation
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005803
The dwelling of an animal or group of similar animals.
animal litter
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002191
Straw or other material strewn in an animal's enclosure (e.g. a stable) for it to sleep on and to absorb its faeces and urine.
animal manure
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003031
animal matter fall
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000139
The carcass of an animal that has fallen to the bottom of a body of water.
animal population density
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/CSP/2383-1863
Number of animals in a population relative to space.
animal waste
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002276
Anisian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Anisian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
annual
http://eol.org/schema/terms/annual
Of plant duration, a plant whose life span ends within one year after germination, e.g. a winter annual germinating in the autumn and flowering in the spring (esp. in Mediterranean climates), approximately synonymous to therophyte, c.f. biennial, ephemeral, perennial, c.f. also of flowering with respect to architecture, hapaxanthic, monocarpic, pleonanthic.
Stevens, P. F. (2001 onwards). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 12, July 2012. Glossary: http://www.mobot.org/mobot/research/apweb/top/glossarya_h.html#annual
annual precipitation
http://eol.org/schema/terms/AnnualPrecipitation
Total depth of precipitation fallen in a given location in one year, if converted to liquid form. Precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapour that falls under gravity.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Precipitation
anoxic water
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000173
Water depleted of dissolved oxygen.
anterior culmen length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/AnteriorCulmenLength
The distance from the front of the nares (nostrils) to the tip of the bill of a bird.
anthropogenic
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000002
a geographic feature resulting from the influence of human beings on nature.
anthropogenic abiotic mesoscopic feature
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003075
anthropogenic contamination feature
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002204
anthropogenic environmental material
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_0010001
Anthropogenic material in or on which organisms may live.
anthropogenic habitat
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002031
A habitat that is in or on an environmental feature or material derived from human activity.
anthropogenic terrestrial biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000219
An anthropogenic terrestrial biome is a terrestrial biome which has community structures determined by human activity.
anthrosol
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002230
Anthrosols comprise soils that have been modified profoundly through human activities, such as addition of organic materials or household wastes, irrigation and cultivation.
apatite
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_52254
A phosphate mineral with the general formula Ca5(PO4)3X where X = OH, F or Cl
apex predator
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q19067
predator residing at the top of a food chain, with no predators of its own
aphotic zone
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000210
The zone of an ocean below 200m, in which photosynthesis cannot occur due to the lack of light.
apron
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000530
A gentle slope, with a generally smooth surface, particularly found around groups of islands and seamounts.
Aptian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Aptian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
aquaduct
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000072
Structure designed to transport water from a remote source, usually by gravity.
aquarium
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002196
aquatic
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002030
aquatic adapted
http://eol.org/schema/terms/aquatic
organism that is adapted to life in the water
aquatic habitat
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000144
A habitat that is in or on water.
aquatic plant
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0900044
whole plant aquatic
aqueous humour
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000024
Aqueous humour is a bodily fluid consisting of a thick watery substance that fills the space between the lens and the cornea.
aquifer
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00012408
An underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock or unconsolidated materials (gravel, sand, silt, or clay) from which groundwater can be usefully extracted using a water well.
Aquitanian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Aquitanian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
arable soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005742
aragonite
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_52239
Calcium carbonate (CO3Ca), aragonite structure
Aragonite Saturation State
http://eol.org/schema/terms/aragonite_saturation_state
the degree to which seawater is saturated with respect to the aragonite form of calcium carbonate
https://coralreefwatch.noaa.gov/satellite/oa/description/oaps_intro_aragonite_ss.php
arboreal
http://eol.org/schema/terms/arboreal
organism that is adapted to life in trees.
arboreal habitat
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000571
A habitat in or on trees.
arboreal locomotion behavior
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/NBO_0000364
Behavior related to the locomotion of animals in trees.
arborescent
http://eol.org/schema/terms/arborescent
Of habit, resembling a tree, a term applied to non-woody plants attaining tree height and to shrubs tending to become tree-like in size
Stevens, P. F. (2001 onwards). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 12, July 2012. http://www.mobot.org/mobot/research/apweb/top/glossarya_h.html#C
arbuscular mycorrhizal association
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0036377
A form of mutualism between a fungus and the roots of a vascular plant, where hyphae of the fungus penetrate the plant cell wall and invaginate its cell membrane. Once inside, the fungus forms highly branched structures for nutrient exchange with the plant called arbuscules. Aids in the acquisition by the plant of nutrients such as phosphorus from the soil.
Archean Eon
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Archean
..
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
archeological site
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000564
A place (or group of physical sites) in which evidence of past activity is preserved (either prehistoric or historic or contemporary), and which is, has been, or may be, investigated using the discipline of archaeology.
archipelago
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000220
A group of geographically or geologically associated islands.
area size
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001709
areas with native and introduced infra-taxa
http://eol.org/schema/terms/NativeIntroducedRange
Lists jurisdictions in which some infra-taxa of a given organism are members of the undisturbed fauna or flora while others have been introduced recently.
areas with native and probably introduced infra-taxa
http://eol.org/schema/terms/NativeProbablyIntroducedRange
Lists jurisdictions in which some infra-taxa of a given organism are members of the undisturbed fauna or flora while others have probably been introduced recently.
arenosol
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002229
Arenosols are sandy soils, including both soils developed in residual sands after in situ weathering of usually quartz-rich sediments or rock, and soils developed in recently deposited sands such as dunes in deserts and beach lands.
arete
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000429
A thin, almost knife-like, ridge of rock which is typically formed when two glaciers erode parallel U-shaped valleys. The arte is a thin ridge of rock that is left separating the two valleys. Artes can also form when two glacial cirques erode towards one another, although frequently this results in a saddle-shaped pass, called a col.
arid
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000230
An arid condition is an environmental condition in which annual precipitation is less than half of annual potential evapotranspiration.
arm plus disc length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/ArmPlusDiscLength
arsenate treated wood
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002136
arsenic-rich mud
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002122
artificial channel
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000121
artificial harbor
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000464
A harbor constructed by human agency.
artificial island
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000099
An island constructed by human effort.
artificial lake
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000377
A lake purposefully constructed.
artificial reef
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000149
Chains of rocks or coral at or near the surface of water constructed by man.
Artinskian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Artinskian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
ash cone
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000399
A cone that is composed of particles of silt to sand size. Explosive eruptions from a vent where the magma is interacting with groundwater or the sea (as in an eruption off the coast) produce steam and are called phreatic. The interaction between the magma, expanding steam, and volcanic gases results in the ejection of mostly small particles called ash. Fallen ash has the consistency of flour. The unconsolidated ash forms an ash cone which becomes a tuff cone or tuff ring once the ash consolidates.
Ash Content
http://eol.org/schema/terms/Ash_content
asphalt lake
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000165
A lake formed of a natural deposit of alphalt, a black, highly viscous liquid or semi-solid composed of fossil hydrocarbons.
Asselian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Asselian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
assessor/s
http://eol.org/schema/terms/Assessor
at least short-persistent
http://eol.org/schema/terms/atLeastShortPersistentSeedBank
Of seed bank longevity. Seed bank longevity is > 1 and at least <= 5 yr (could be longer but it is unknown).
http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
atoll
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000166
An oceanic island, often having a characteristic ring-like shape surrounding a lagoon. Atolls are formed when coral reef grows around a volcanic island that later subsides into the ocean.
attached to substrate
http://eol.org/schema/terms/Attached
This organism is normally physically attached to the substrate upon which it lives
autochory
http://eol.org/schema/terms/autochory
Seed dispersal by gravity, without the assistance of any dispersal vector (= unassisted dispersal).
http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
average
http://eol.org/schema/terms/average
aviation fuel
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003903

B

back-arc basin
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002277
A depression in the sea floor that results from the collision of continental plates; the weight of the sinking plate causes the overlying plate to stretch and thin, causing a basin in the overlying plate. Sometimes, the Earth's crust in these basins stretches so much it cracks, allowing magma through from the mantle beneath. Hence, basins often contain active volcanoes and hydrothermal vents.
backwater
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000472
An area of calm water unaffected by the current of a stream.
bacteria enriched soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005757
badland
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000127
An arid terrain with clay-rich soil that has been extensively eroded by wind and water.
Baffin Bay
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q37040
bagasse
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002872
The biomass remaining after sugarcane stalks are crushed to extract their juice.
bajada
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000315
A convergence of neighboring alluvial fans into a single apron of deposits against a slope.
Bajocian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Bajocian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
bakery
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003864
ballistichory
http://eol.org/schema/terms/ballistichory
Dehiscence of fruit occurs as an explosion, launching seeds far away from the plant (= ballochory).
http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
banana plantation
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000161
bank
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000141
The sloping margin of a watercourse, serving to confine it to its natural channel.
bar
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000167
A linear shoaling landform feature within a body of water. Bars tend to be long and narrow (linear) and develop where a current (or waves) promote deposition of granular material, resulting in localized shallowing (shoaling) of the water. Bars can appear in the sea, in a lake, or in a river. They are typically composed of sand, although could be of any granular matter that the moving water has access to and is capable of shifting around (for example, soil, silt, gravel, cobble, shingle, or even boulders). The grain size of the material comprising a bar is related: to the size of the waves or the strength of the currents moving the material, but the availability of material to be worked by waves and currents is also important.
Barents Sea
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q45823
bark
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PO_0004518
All tissues outside the vascular cambium or the xylem; in older trees may be divided into dead outer bark and living inner bark, which consists of secondary phloem.
[database_cross_reference: POC:curators]
Barremian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Barremian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
Bartonian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Bartonian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
basal metabolic rate
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/165109007
Basal metabolic rate (BMR) is the amount of energy expended daily by humans and other animals at rest. Rest is defined as existing in a neutrally temperate environment while in the post-absorptive state.
http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Basal_metabolic_rate&oldid=581343469
basalt
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000236
Basalt is a volcanic rock which is formed by the rapid cooling of basaltic lava.
base age
http://eol.org/schema/terms/forestryBaseAge
In forestry, the base age, is the reference age for determining a key productivity metric, the site index. The base age is often set near average rotation length for a species. The base age is 20 years for trees in temperate areas (>30 degrees north latitude), 10 years for trees in tropical areas (≤30 degrees north latitude), and 10 years for all shrubs and sub-shrubs.
Weiskittel, A. R., D. W. Hann, J. A. Kershaw, Jr., and J. K. Vanclay. 2011. Forest Growth and Yield Modeling. Wiley-Blackwell. -- USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
Bashkirian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Bashkirian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
Bathonian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Bathonian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
bathyal zone
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000026
The mariine bathyal zone biome comprises regions of the marine benthic biome between approximately 200 m and 3000 m depth. This zone generally coincides with the continental slope.
bathyal zone (200-4000m)
http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/DZ_BAT
bathypelagic
http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/DZP_BATH
bathypelagic zone
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000211
The one of an ocean below the 10degC thermocline down to a temperature of 4degC.
bay
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000032
An area of water bordered by land on three sides.
bayou
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000234
A small, slow-moving stream or creek; usually located in low-lying areas.
beach
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000091
A landform consisting of loose rock particles such as sand, gravel, shingle, pebbles, cobble, or even shell fragments along the shoreline of a body of water.
beach ridge
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000529
A ridge of sand just inland and parallel to the beach, usually in series.
beach sand
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002138
Beaufort Sea
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q131274
beaver dam
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000500
An obstruction in a stream constructed by a beaver.
beaver pond
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000270
A pond that has formed as a consequence of the activities of beavers, building a beaver dam.
bedding-plane cave
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000001
A cavity developed along a bedding-plane and elongate in cross-section as a result.
beech forest soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005770
behavioral circadian rhythm
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0001502
Any measurable or observable behavioral characteristic related to a daily biological activity cycle.
Benthic
http://eol.org/schema/terms/benthic
Living at the bottom of a body of water.
Bering Sea
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q44725
Berriasian Age
http://resource.geosciml.org/classifier/ics/ischart/Berriasian
International Chronostratigraphic Chart: http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
biennial
http://eol.org/schema/terms/biennial
Of life span, a plant which lives for more than one but less than two years after germination, c.f. annual, ephemeral, perennial, of flowering with respect to architecture, hapaxanthic, monocarpic, pleonanthic.
Stevens, P. F. (2001 onwards). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 12, July 2012. Glossary: http://www.mobot.org/mobot/research/apweb/top/glossarya_h.html#biennial
bile
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000023
Bile is a bodily fluid consisting of a bitter, yellow or green alkaline fluid secreted by hepatocytes from the liver of most vertebrates. In many species, bile is stored in the gallbladder between meals and upon eating is discharged into the duodenum where the bile aids the process of digestion of lipids.
bill height
http://eol.org/schema/terms/BillHeight
The distance from the anterior to posterior edges of the bill.
bill length
http://eol.org/schema/terms/BillLength
Length of the bill.
biofilm
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002034
A complex aggregation of microorganisms marked by the excretion of a protective and adhesive matrix; usually adhering to a substratum.
biofilm material
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000156
Material derived from a biofilm, an aggregate of microorganisms in which cells adhere to each other and/or to a surface. These adherent cells are frequently embedded within a self-produced matrix of extracellular polymeric substance (EPS). Biofilm EPS, which is also referred to as slime, is a polymeric conglomeration generally composed of extracellular DNA, proteins, and polysaccharides in various configurations.
biofilter
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002152
biogenic silica
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_64389
A biogenic mineral comprised of hydrated silica
biogenous sediment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000082
Biogenous sediment is derived from living organisms, typically planktonic organisms possessing shells, frustules or coccoliths.
Biogeographic realm
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GAZ_00000071
The largest scale biogeographic division of the earth's surface based on the historic and evolutionary distribution patterns of plants and animals.
biological waste
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000373
waste containing mostly natural organic materials (remains of plants, animal excrement, biological sludge from waste-water treatment plants and so forth)
bioluminescent
http://eol.org/schema/terms/Bioluminescent
Has this organism been observed to produce and transmit light?
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bioluminescence
bioreactor
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002123
biosolids
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002059
A treated form of sludge, sometimes used as a fertilizer in agriculture.
biosphere reserve
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000376
An international conservation designation given by UNESCO under its Programme on Man and the Biosphere (MAB).
Biscayne Bay
http://marineregions.org/gazetteer.php?p=details&id=19161
black
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000317
A color that lacks any hues as parts.
black smoker
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000218
A hydrothermal vent found on the ocean floor. The vents are formed in fields hundreds of meters wide when superheated water from below the Earth's crust comes through the ocean floor. The superheated water is rich in dissolved minerals from the crust, most notably sulfides, which crystallize to create a chimney-like structure around each vent. When the superheated water in the vent comes in contact with the cold ocean water, many minerals are precipitated, creating the distinctive black color. The metal sulfides that are deposited can become massive sulfide ore deposits in time.
black smoker biome
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000051
A marine black smoker biome comprises regions of the marine hydrothermal vent biome characterised by a black vent plume. This black plume is a consequence of dissolved metals and minerals forming complexes with sulphide and indicates polymetallic sulphide mineral deposits beneath the surface.
blanket bog
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000511
A peatland whose development is mostly independent of basins or topographical features where water collects; it simply covers the landscape like a blanket. Peat develops due to a continuous supply of water from rainfall, maintaining waterlogged conditions on the ground. Blanket bogs are ombrotrophic or rain fed, and as a result their pH lies between 3.5 and 4.2.
blood
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000020
Blood is a bodily fluid composed of blood plasma and blood cells suspended within the plasma that circulates around the organism's body. Blood performs may important functions including the supplying of oxygen and nutrients, removal of waste, circulation of white blood cells, detection of antibodes, coagulation, transportation of antibodies and the regulation of pH and body temperature.
blood plasma
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000027
Blood plasma is a bodily fluid that comprises the liquid component of blood, in which the blood cells are suspended. It makes up about 55% of total blood volume.
bloom period
http://eol.org/schema/terms/BloomPeriod
The seasonal period in the U.S. during which the plant blooms the most. The bloom period is defined as the time when pollen is shed and stigmas are receptive.
USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
blowhole
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000168
A hole in coastal rock through which sea water is forced by a rising tide or waves and spurted through an outlet into the air.
blowout
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000313
A sandy depression in a sand dune ecosystem (psammosere) caused by the removal of sediments by wind.
blue
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000318
A color hue with low wavelength of that portion of the visible spectrum lying between green and indigo, evoked in the human observer by radiant energy with wavelengths of approximately 420 to 490 nanometers.
[database_cross_reference: Dictionary:http://dictionary.reference.com/]
blue-grass field soil
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005789
bodily fluid
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000019
A natural bodily fluid or secretion such as blood, semen, saliva, blood plasma, intracellular and interstitial fluids.
body length
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CMO_0000013
A measurement of the longest dimension of a body, typically between two distinct ends of the body.
[database_cross_reference: Dorland:Dorlands_Illustrated_Medical_Dictionary--31st_Ed] [database_cross_reference: ISBN:978-1416049982]
body length (VT)
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/OBA_VT0001256
The distance from point to point along the longest axis of the body of an organism.
body length (VT)
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0001256
The distance from point to point along the longest axis of the body of an organism.
Body length, nose to tail
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CMO_0000078
The distance between the tip of the nose to the very end of the appendage extending from the end of the trunk of an organism
body mass
http://purl.obolibrary.org.s2.gvirabi.com/obo/VT_0001259
The amount of matter in the body of an organism
body mass
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/OBA_VT0001259
The amount of matter in the body of an organism.
body mass
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0001259
The amount of matter in the body of an organism.
Body Shape
http://eol.org/schema/terms/BodyShape
body shape (length to depth)
http://eol.org/schema/terms/LengthToDepth
The ratio of total body length to maximum body depth
Olden, J.D., N. LeRoy Poff, and Kevin R. Bestgen 2006. LIFE-HISTORY STRATEGIES PREDICT FISH INVASIONS AND EXTIRPATIONS IN THE COLORADO RIVER BASIN. Ecological Monographs 76:25–40. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/05-0330
body shape (swim factor)
http://eol.org/schema/terms/SwimFactor
The ratio of minimum depth of the caudal peduncle to the maximum depth of the caudal fin. Small factors are indicative of strong swimmers
Webb, P. W. 1984. Form and function in fish swimming. Scientific American 251:58–68.
Body size
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/OBA_VT0100005
The size of a multicellular organism
body temperature
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/CSP/2871-4249
The degree of heat in the body of a living organism, temperature is measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a sample of matter, expressed in terms of units or degrees designated on a standard scale.
Body Temperature
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D001831
automatically added during harvest
Lovegrove
Body Volume
http://eol.org/schema/terms/BodyVolume
Volume occupied by the whole body of one individual of this taxon
body width
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0015039
The distance from side to side of the body of an organism, perpendicular to the axis along which height is measured.
bone meal
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000054
A mixture of crushed and coarsely ground bones that is used as an organic fertilizer for plants and formerly in animal feed.
borax leachate
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002142
bore hole water
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003097
borehole
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002226
botanical garden
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00010624
A place where a wide variety of plants primarily categorized and documented for scientific purposes.
boulder
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000243
A piece of rock with a grain size above 300 millimetres in diameter. Smaller boulders are, at times, referred to as rocks or stones.
boulder field
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000537
A high altitude or high latitude bare, flat area covered with large angular rocks.
boulder sediment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000114
Sediment characterised by an average particle diameter greater than 256 mm.
boundary current front
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000093
brackish estuary
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002137
brackish lake
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000540
brackish pond
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000541
brackish water
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002019
brackish water environment
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000322
brackish water habitat
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000570
A habitat that is in or on a body of water (as in estuaries) containing medium concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (typically 0.5 to 35 grams dissolved salts per litre).
brewery
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003885
bridge
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000075
A built structure erected over a depression or obstacle to carry traffic or some facility such as a pipeline.
brine
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003044
Water saturated or nearly saturated with salt (NaCl). It is used (now less popular than historically) to preserve vegetables, fish, and meat.
brine pool
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000369
A large area of brine on the ocean basin near cold seep vents which release methane into the water. These pools are concentrations of water having an extremely high salinity as compared to the surrounding ocean, caused by the motion of large salt deposits through salt tectonics.